So what does this have to do with me and my pets? Leptospirosis is zoonotic meaning that it can be transmitted to humans and other animals!
The most common way that this bacterial disease is passed on is through contaminated water, but it can also be passed through soil, mud and direct contact with an infected animal’s urine.
Nowhere is safe from leptospirosis, there have been cases found all over the world! Most infections take place during rainy periods, but it can still be passed along during dry times.
Virtually all mammals can be a carrier of leptospirosis. Some animals can be a carrier, but be asymptotic, meaning they show no signs or symptoms. Others will show signs of fever, depression, vomiting, diarrhea, organ failure, jaundice, and coughing. They do not have to have every symptom to be positive for having leptospirosis.
If you are ever concerned that your pet may have leptospirosis or possibly has been exposed to it, please contact your veterinarian. There are blood and urine tests that can be done to test for the infection.
Leptospirosis can be treated once it is detected, but the earlier it is caught the better chance of survival. The pet will typically be placed on IV fluids to help support kidney function, started on antibiotics, and treated for the symptoms that the pet is showing at that time.
Prevention is key! There is a vaccine available to prevent the leptospirosis disease. The vaccine can be started as early as 12 weeks of age. It will need to be boostered once in 3-4 weeks after the initial vaccine. After that, it is updated annually.
Whether your dog goes camping every weekend or is a stay-at-home pup, we recommend that every dog is vaccinated, regardless of their lifestyle. Just because your dog stays in the yard doesn’t mean he isn’t at risk. Remember, leptospirosis can be carried by a variety of animals, most of which you can find in your own back yard!
Big or small it, can effect them all!!
By: Leslie Amaral
Giardia is a single-celled microscopic parasite that lives in your dog’s intestine. It is classified as an intestinal infection cause by the parasite Giardia Iamblia. The infection commonly infects older dogs, but more frequently infects young puppies.
Eww! How do dogs get Giardia?
Dogs develop the infection by ingesting the offspring of Giardia that are shed in another animal’s feces. Dogs become infected when they accidentally swallow the water source, or by eating something that has been contaminated by feces, like grass. Since dogs love to put things in their mouths, this means that there are plenty of ways your dog can pick up the parasite in his environment. Whether it is by chewing on a stick, eating someone else’s poop, or drinking from a puddle.
How will Giardia affect my dog?
Giardia in dogs does not always cause problems, but when it does it is highly unpleasant. Giardiasis, the disease caused by the Giardia infection, typically results in diarrhea. The parasite inhibits your dog’s ability to properly absorb nutrient, water, and electrolytes, which leads to weight loss, poor conditions, and even can lead to death. If you have concerns about your dog after spending a fun weekend at the beach, contact your Veterinarian to schedule an appointment.
Treatment is simple once diagnosed. This is one of the many reasons why fecal parasite screening is so important, along with semi-annual Veterinary exams for your pet. If your pet was diagnosed with Giardia, or any other type of intestinal parasite, be sure to clean up after them as soon as possible. Be sure to thoroughly wash your hands as well after handling their stool. Preventative care is always the best way to avoid parasites and diseases!
By: Kimberly Delaney